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ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE AND REGULATION IN INDIA


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by Atiyah Curmally

Environment and Rehabilitation 97


Legislative efforts at pollution control in India date back to
the mid-nineteenth century.1 Many of these Acts dealt with
environmental regulation in a piecemeal manner and proved
ineffective at reducing the levels of pollution. Action against
polluters had necessarily to be initiated in courts by those
affected. Pollution and environmental degradation were
addressed very generally in terms of nuisance, negligence,
liability, and a few principles of tort law.