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Nepal : Demonstration Unit MPC / CSW

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The CSW technology is a smart, low tech and
cost effective construction process for rural housing,
inspired by vernacular stone wall architecture,
as an alternative to RCC and brick masonry.
The demo house was built by low-skilled labour over a period of 35 days.

The department of Architecture of the Tribhuvan
University - Institute of Engineering trains
every year more than 130 students in the field of
construction. After the earthquake of 2015, the
university strengthened its curriculum on
earthquake-resistant technology and allocated a
part of it’s land for the demonstration of earthquake
resistant prototypes in order to inspire
students and profesionnals.
The demo house built in Pulchowk campus provides 57m² of habitable space, for a 3-5 member household, with one room, which can be partitioned later to form two. The flexible layout responds to both domestic and livelihood needs and it includes a multi- functional attic that can be used for more bedding and grain storage.
This model is inspired by the National Building Code of Nepal 203 requirements and the DUDBC catalogue, but since further testing are still on-going, the featured seismic provisions are subject to evolution.
Architecture&Développement took part in this
process and built a 6,60m by 4,95m (21,18 sq.m
of usable ground space) demonstration house,
inspired by traditional nepalese rural habitat.
The confined stone walls rises 2,5m above the
ground. The upper attic floor is build with a lighter
wooden structure, traditionally used as a strorage
for the crops (19,36 sq.m). The mud plaster, while
providing a protection for the wire mesh, regulates
the thermal confort inside the building.
The demonstration house will be used by the
university as a students association’s office.
The CSW model demonstrates an efficient
low-cost, low-tech, and safe solution for self-built
reconstruction in rural Nepal with local materials.

Main Goals

• Promote substainable solutions for a safe and
adapted reconstruction in rural areas
• Help to develop and diffuse the CSW technology
in Nepal by building a demonstration unit.
• Inform and create awarness among architecture
and engineering students on alternative technologies
• Evaluate the capacity of this technology in Nepal
in terms of social-economic reality in a context of
• Train a team of labors to the CSW technology