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Understanding slums, the case of Mumbai


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By Neelima Risbud
from the 33 ity case stidies prepared fro the UN Global Report on Human Settlements 2003
UN Habitat / DPU


According to the provisional results of the 2001
Census of India the population of India has passed the
one billion mark with a sharp decline from its decadal
growth rate of 21.34 per cent over the last five decades.
The urban population constitutes 27.8 per cent of the
total,with a decadal growth rate of 31.2 per cent.The
level of urbanisation is 2.1 per cent higher than in 1991.
The density of population has increased steadily from
117 persons per km2 in 1951 to 324 persons per km2
in 2001.Urban agglomerations or cities with a population
of more than one million have increased from 22 in
1991 to 35 in 2001 with Greater Mumbai being the
largest at 16.4 million.The Mumbai Metropolitan
Region is the largest urban agglomeration in the coun-try.
For the first time detailed data on slum areas in the
country have been collected in the 2001 census.The
total slum population in the country is 40.3 million
comprising 22.6 percent of the total urban population of
the towns which reported slums.The largest slum
population was registered in the State of Maharashtra.
Around 6 per cent of Maharashtra’s population lives in
the slums of the state capital,Greater Mumbai.