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CHANGING THE RULES


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Guidelines for the revision of regulations for urban upgrading

By Sundar Burra, September 2003

This paper examines how government regulations affect the urban upgradation efforts of the poor in the city of Mumbai. The case of the Rajiv Indira/Suryodaya/Ganga Cooperative Housing Societies (RISG), three societies comprising slum-dwellers residing in Dharavi, is presented. To situate this case-study within the remit of this book, it is important to note that Dharavi has the dubious distinction of being Asia’s largest slum and thus constitutes a prime candidate for, and challenge to, urban upgrading. Further, Mumbai is a city where more than half its 12 million population resides in informal and inadequate housing and thus constitutes the most stringent litmus test for regulatory frameworks concerned with urban upgradation.