India was at a critical junction about twenty years after it became an independent nation. At the dawn of independence , our country saw a government with a number of dedicated and devoted leaders under the visionary Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. These leaders knew the value of our nation, as they had made sacrifices to create this nation. They were filled with the desire to do this nation pround and where its citizen would be happy. The entire country was filled with the enthusiasm to construct this new nation that would be more secular, more socialist and more democratic. Nehru thought that industrialisation and the remaval of barriers to attain the agricultural growth was in fact the magic formula to transform this nation into a prosperous one.
In some fifteen years India of was well on the way and was ranked the ninth country amongst the most industrialized in the world. The Green Revolution had already completely covered Punjab and Haryana, and partially the states of Maharasthra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
But in this progress of our country, unfortunately, the rural poor were omitted. The urban sectors saw growth of massive slums. Eighty percent of the population of the country was intact by the progresses made.
The political system, had also begun showing signs of deterioration. Almost all these big leaders that had given their lives for the independence of the country had become part on the glorious history of India and corrupt politicians had occupied their places.
It did not take a long time for the discontent and the revolt to show. The urban industrial workers, that were organized under the central unions, were the first ones to begin their revolts. The rural poor were the ones not organized. The left parties that had toiled for the poor remained with the industrial workers or with the peasants that had been liberated from their feudal lords and became new owners.
It saw the emergence of the Naxalite movement, which expresses their anger against the private corporations and beaurocarcy by articulating the aspirations of the poor for a different social order. The last sixty years saw it appearance and a lot of youths of the average urban middle class were drawn in this movement.
Given the half cooked the nature of their ideology and adventurism in the political arena, this movement began seeing its ruin. This radical but dogmatic movement lived only for a decade, but it left behind its brand on the history.
The change that questions social equality continues to burn the hearts of thinkers and activists younger and older and more radical politicians. There was the background for a new movement for a new Praxis. This created in the world PRAXIS